ISSN: 2304-1471

Issue 3,

Issue 3


Islamic vision of sport as a necessity for human health

Dr. Mahmoud Dawood al-Rubaie. prof; Dr. Mackie Khalil Hammoud prof.assestant

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 10-20

Abounding heritage Arab and Islamic world many things and treasures and rarities that dealt with topics scientific about the sport and its impact on health, thinking and focus remained parked without ingested by Arab researchers and only on the studies of foreign ignorant ways to take advantage of science resources Arab and Islamic countries, as well as to pay attention to things that did not take sufficient space in research and investigation is linked to the subject of sport views of Arabs and Muslims, the Hadith, and his pure they constitute a loop added to the series of research that dealt with sport and benefits of various aspects and take advantage of them achieved through scientific research frameworks.
The research aims to:
Identifying the vision of Islamic law and some Arab intellectuals of the sport.1-
Know the relationship of sports to human health.2-
The search was confined to borders opinions expressed in the Arab-Muslim heritage and some of the thinkers who have a relationship issue
Descriptive approach was adopted - survey (analytical) of the views contained in the Arab and Islamic heritage based on reference books that dealt with the subject in addition to periodicals issued by it
As sample guarantees the Search
models of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (p)1-
Models of the sayings of Imam Ali (AS)2-
- Models of the sayings of Imam Sadiq (AS)3-
4-Models of the views of some Arab intellectuals and foreigners4
It was a survey of the views of the Prophet Muhammad (r) and the home Tahireen (peace be upon them) and some Arab intellectuals and foreigners.
Was reached the following conclusions:
1-that sport from the viewpoint of Islam and the way of human service to reach perfection and true happiness, and building individual personal and social development.
2-full of Arab and Islamic heritage of many of the things that on scientific topics about the sport and its impact on the overall health of the human being.
The researchers recommended the following:
1-Formulation of sporting activities required to do so as not to its intersection with social customs and traditions and Islamic law.
2-understanding the precise and dynamic interrogation of the noble texts within the confines of Islamic law and out substantive answers constitute a whole vision suitable for sport

Comparing study for some variables functional for the kidneys system between the Athletics and nor Athletics

Dr. mohammed. Jassem . mohammed. Al-kalidi

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 21-45

Contain the search five doors. First door contain on one aim it (knowledge the effects positives and negatives for the body exercises on the kidneys system )
While the second door contained the study theoretically (Summary about kidneys system , analysis the blood and urine ..While, the third door , the searcher treat to method of the search if using the search describe , while the sample choosing from students department of sport education and students computers department , the number was (14) They divide to two groups all the groups 7 students .. After that, the researcher. Gets samples from blood and urine to analysis 10 variables The results appear difference morale between the two groups in the finale test after exersice bodies. The five door contain group of conclusions the one from it (the training of sport is importing to kept the human healthy ). The recommendations the one from it (The sport for the all , and you must practice it for the human healthy)

markedCalendar curriculum process in departments of physical education in Iraq, according to physical and kinetic variables and the physiological and skill

D. Abdul Aljabbarhanin Alwan al-Janabi

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 46-80

In order to be the development of students in our society, we have to build a curriculum and developed a sound scientific based on the basis of solid scientific and through tools characterized honesty and objectivity, and Calendar appropriate tool to achieve this, through the provision of data crisis to take the appropriate decisions in the process of curriculum development and improving aspects quality and achieving the goals set for it. And curriculum of physical education is presented as of the skills and experience physical and kinetic and cognitive this shall selection of curriculum that is relevant to them maturely individual and integration of his personality and adapt psychologically and socially and elevate his movement so as to ensure the participation of its mental and participate positively in the development of its moral and appreciation for himself and others, and thus the ability to innovate .
The research aims to :
• Knowledge of the impact of the curriculum process and ascertain the extent of their applicability and the extent to which, in physical education classes in the Departments of Physical Education for girls during the years of the study
The researcher used the descriptive and quasi-experimental test before me and after me in every year of study for its suitability to the nature of the research problem, and was research sample consisted of students Department of Physical Education at the College of Education for Girls Kufa University, admitted in the Department of Physical Education College of Education / University of Kufa for the academic year (2008 - 9 200) and graduate of the school year (2011 - 2012) and of their number (53) student by the amount (32.64%) of the research community .
The researcher reached the following conclusions
1-The curriculum process in the first phase had a positive impact in all physical and kinetic variables and physiological and basic skills for games that taught in the first phase.
2-the curriculum process in the first stage a positive effect between (Medium - Large) on all the variables under study
3-No impact of the curriculum during the process (the second, third, fourth) on the kinetic variables, as was the size of the impact, no impact, the impact is low, after the average.
4-The size of the impact of the curriculum process during the years of the study (the second, third, fourth) on physiological Mtaben indicators between the index and another, it has ranged between (weak and large )
Nages has recommended a number of recommendations including :
1-To activate the curriculum development committees in departments and faculties of Physical Education in Iraq, through the evaluation of curricula practical and theoretical every four years, to keep up with scientific and educational track and keep up with scientific developments in the field of Physical Education.
2-Implementation of practical vocabulary curriculum during the years of the study, according to plans methodology consists of several stages complement each other in ascending curve calculated, according to scientific training curriculum ensures the development of the first acade

Measure the degree of lateral deviation of the nose (right - left) and his relationship capacitive vision for handball teams players and track and field at the University of Dhi Qar

Imad Kazem Yasser

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 81-91

Abstract

In this paper we designed algorithm to measure the nose Deviation and its impact on the size of capacitance vision. A samples were taken from the football players in the Faculty of Education at the Thi-Qar University, and the algorithm is a use Euclidean distance to measure the distance between two points by calculated midpoint between the eyebrows and midpoint between the lips then a straight line from lips to eyebrow to calculate the amount of deviation of the nose automatically. The aim of the research is to measure some of the variables and linked in the field of physiology sports as a modern measuring mean methods to measure deviations in the nose and different degrees may be at the top of the nose or in the middle or in the bottom or may be to right or left party. The results from using the algorithm shows the deviation percentage in nose reduces the amount of air .

Effect of different resistances to ballistic exercises on development the explosive power in youth basketball players

Jamal Sabri Faraj

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 92-112

Abstract
Effect of different resistances to ballistic exercises on development the explosive power in youth basketball players
To achieve the peak power the work out must be with a moderate resistance and carried with explosive manner, the research aimed to identify:
1 The effect of different resistances (30-40-50% 1-RM)in explosive training to develop the explosive power.
2 Which is the best resistance (30-40-50% 1-RM) in explosive training to develop the explosive power upon youth in basketball?
The researcher used the experimental style with equalizer groups, he used the youth players in Nasiryaha basketball school (n=28) and select the sample (n=24) from them whom divided into three groups (n=8), and he used the different resistances ( 30-40-50% 1-RM) to each group for six weeks 3 days per week , the intensity of the exercises was at least 90%.
The researcher concluded that the best resistance was 40% 1-RM from the others to develop the explosive power in youth basketball players.

The impact of differences in sample size on honesty discriminatory form of frequency distribution of the degree of personal scale among college students of Physical Education

D. Ali Abdul Hassan Hussein; D. Mohammed Mattar Arrak; D. Imad Daoud Saluma

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 113-133

Abstract
The research aims to determine the impact of different sample size in honesty discriminatory personal scale and shape of frequency distribution of grades among the students of the fourth stage in the colleges of physical education at the University of the Middle Euphrates / Iraq: (Kufa, Karbala, Babil, Qadisiyah, Muthanna). . To achieve this goal, the researchers compared the samples after Tksmiha to five volumes, and the number of members of these volumes, respectively: (50.10015 million, 200 250 300), pulled samples - in every stage of the selection - randomly. . The researchers used a descriptive approach Bnmth Ashei, such as scale (Freiburg personality) the main tool for the study. . After verifying the validity of the scale of the application, proceeded researchers applied to samples sizes five, and analyzed the answers, only honesty discriminatory using t-test for independent samples, between the two groups extremes in the total score and by (27%), in each group, a difference in the level of signify honesty discriminatory between the sizes of the samples. To learn the form of frequency distribution of degrees each sample researchers used test (chi square), that there is a difference in the levels of statistical significance between the sizes of the samples. .
In light of these results the researchers found that the greater the size of the sample appeared honesty better discriminatory, and that the form of the distribution tends to moderation larger sample size.

The Effect of Slops Training on the Development of the Special Force of Legs in the Long jump

Baidaa Razak Jawad

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 134-146

jump
The research aims at studying the effect of slops training on developing the maximum force with distinctive speed and recognizing the muscular power of students.The researcher has used the experimental approach with tow subjects the ezperimental and controlled.26 senior students (fourth stage),Training Department/section H,were selectively chosn to be around all the time.The tesest consisted of 30m running from flying,static jumping,five steps jumping and long jump achievement.
The results proved the effectiveness of the training program in achieving good level of kinetic correlation through the development of the technical performance level of the experimental subject after using the training program.

The effect of medicinal balls training with increase Gradual of distance performance on over head serve skill for students(Female)

Dr. Basim Hasan Ghazi

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 147-160

Researcher touched in first part to the forefront of research and the importance of focusing on strength exercises forms medical balls with gradient distance skill transmitter performance of top students down to the legal distance as two important factors for the development of skill transmitter high volleyball.
The study aimed to:
Identify the level of performance the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
Develop the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
The researchers assumed:
There is the effect of strength training with medical balls gradient space to develop the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
In the second section has touched researcher:
To theoretical studies and them.
Strength and Strengths types, volleyball gams and volleyballs skills
In Part III, the researcher used the experimental method style pre and post test and included a sample and the tools used and the tests and exploratory experience and appropriate statistical methods for processing the results.
In Section IV.
The researcher
Presented the results of tests accuracy transmitter high explosive power of the arms, one arm and analyzed and discussed.
In Part V
Researcher reached the following conclusions:
1. The strength training led to the evolution of the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
because they contributed to the development of various kinds of power students.
2.Powers exercises contributed to the development of various forms of force students who weakness in strength
3. There is a positive effect of the transmitter include a space implementation of the top students from the short distance until reaching the legal distance because it gave the impression to the students a sense of distance and the need for power when performing transmitter.
4.Helped force exercises in various forms and to implement distance gradient the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
to increase accuracy by controlling the direct path of the ball.
Based on his findings, the researchers recommend the following conclusions:
1- The need to use force exercises in various forms in the practical lesson of volleyball especially for students to develop the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female).
2-Emphasis on the short distance from the gradient until reaching distance when legal education or training the over head serve skill in volleyball for students(female)..
3-The need to use force exercises in various forms when other skills training volleyball, as well as various sporting events because of its active role for the development of impact.
4-Conduct similar research to develop the skill of high transmission for students

Movement Satisfaction and It's Relation with Performance of Some Basic Skills in Basketball

Rawaa Alawi Kadhum; Raad Abdulameer Funjan

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 161-183

The problem of this research is crystalized in scarcity of the athletic field for researches concern about correlating skill-performance for many sports such as basketball with movement satisfaction although many clues of scientists to that many previous , positive ones exclusively through which every athletic can prove movement satisfaction of his performance in an activity, that lead to increasing his willing to pursuing that activity which ensure better opportunity to improve his kinetic skills and feel satisfaction and happiness due to his successful performance.
The research aimed to :
1- Movement satisfaction for the sample of the research students of fourth class of physical sports /Babylon university.
2- Performance of the research sample for some aggressive skills belong to basketball.
3- Relation between movement satisfaction and performance of the research sample for some aggressive skills belong to basketball.
The two researcher used depicting style because it is the best and easiest methods to reach to achieving the research goal.
Selected sample of the research was selected randomly by lottery of the fourth class of physical education of Babylon University are (48) students of total number of research society are (107).
The two researchers has come up with the following conclusions:
- The results showed a correlation has moral indication between movement satisfaction for the individuals of research community and their performance for some aggressive skills in basketball.
In the shed light of this results they recommended with the following :
1- Commencing similar studies depend on other sports, or different educational ,ages and training stages.
2- Proceeding similar studies including other skills in basketball for comparison.

The impact of educational modules according to the strategy (SWOM) in the academic achievement of a substance methods of teaching physical education  THE STUDENTS third stage - the College of Basic Education

Ismail Abdul Zaid Ashour; Haider Salman Mohsin

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 184-204

Abstract
The current study was aimed to identify the effects of educational sessions throughout (SWOM) strategy on the academic achievement in methods of teaching physical education subject for the students of the Third stage - Physical Education Department .
The sample consisted of (60) female from the Third stage - Physical Education Department- College of Basic Education / Al-Mustansiriya University. They were divided into two groups (experimental and control), (30) students per group. The researchers have been attempted to adjust some of the factors in the groups that may affect the results of the students' academic achievement such as, (scientific background, age measured by months, and the level of intelligence). However, the researchers have been prepared an achievement test consist of four types of questions (true and false, multiple choice, pairing, supplement article) which included (81) paragraphs according to the levels of the first three of Bloom's Taxonomy. The test has been verified the validity and reliability.
The results showed a statistically significant difference between the results of the post-test average scores for the students of the experimental group and the average scores of the students in the control group in the academic achievement in favor of experimental group. The study concluded that, the effective utilize of educational sessions according to (SWOM) strategy to raise the academic achievement o in methods of teaching physical education subject.

Optimism and pessimism and its relationship to the emotional response to the Premier League players basketball

M. Dr. Hassan Salih Mahdi

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 205-223

Saw sports psychology relay advanced and large made him at the forefront of other sciences to distinguish its diversity in attitudes and Dasath which ultimately serve the interests of the players and their health and physical and skill level required to achieve the goals and achievements of high. Among the topics important Mvhmum Altfaúl and pessimism and what it represents the impact of theskills and events player within the playing field where he addressed search importance Altfaúl and pessimism through his relationship to the concept is a basic response emotional where underlying performance of basketball players the Premier League and the research problem focuses amount Altfaúl and pessimism and their impact on performance negatively Awaijaa and of the most important objectives of the research is to identify the nature of therelationship between Altfaúl and pessimism and emotional response and to achieve goals researcher assumed the existence of a statistically significant relationship between the two has been using statistical methods appropriate to that

The impact of development program and in accordance with the objectives Afattria in the development of motor satisfaction and performance of technical some Paljmanacetk skills for women

Asst . prof . Dr. Raghdaa Hamza Al-Safah

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 224-244

Abstract

I took the game gymnastics artistic a great deal of attention by specialists, since the impact of the many different sciences science psychology and motor learning and measurement and evaluation, which became his relationship and close this game because of its vital role in the development level athletes through the use of methods and teaching aids appropriate to achieve these levels and our goal-setting mechanism A fattier to strengthen and develop motor satisfaction of students on the basis of that goal is working to satisfy the wishes of the learner, which in turn directed behavior raises towards excellence and good performance. So researcher felt a proposed development program design and according to A fattier objectives to identify the extent of its impact on the development of motor satisfaction and performance skills Paljmanacetk technical for women ... To achieve this experimental method was used design equal experimental groups pre and posttests. Identified sample by students Phase III Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Babylon and continue the program's (8) weeks, (4) weeks of each skill (landing wheel of mankind on the balance beam, jumping opened at the table jump) and using statistical methods appropriate been reached on a set of conclusions and recommendations including that the program Developmental proposed a positive impact in the development of satisfaction motor for students in addition to remarkable development in performance skills also showed results positive impact of setting goals A fattier between two sets of research in the development of satisfaction kinetic and performance skills Paljmanacetk technical for women and thus researcher recommends the need to use a mechanism set goals A fattier by those educational and training process in order to increase student satisfaction with the same confidence when the best performance skills

The impact of learning strategy together with tools to help in the development of the technical performance of the front and rear two-stroke tennis

A. D. Nahida Abed Zaid al-Dulaimi; Raed Mahos; D. Maher Abdel-Hamza

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 245-258

The research aims to identify the impact of learning strategy together with tools to help in the development of the technical performance of two-stroke front and rear tennis, and I suppose the researchers that there is a significant effect of learning strategy together with tools to help in the development of the technical performance of two-stroke front and rear tennis, and touched researchers to theoretical studies which contained Detectives multiple on the subject of research, and researchers used experimental method style groups Almtkavitin and define the research community players school specialist at the Ministry of Youth and Sports tennis aged (12-14) years for the season (2011-2012), who are (20) players have been tested sample randomly from the community of original research The way the draw also by (16) players, was divided the sample into two groups each group (8) players experimental group working strategy learning together with tools to help and control group working style practice, took a teaching units (4) weeks, (3) modules week, and after the completion of the modules the (12) unit has been testing dimensional data mining has been used statistical methods appropriate to address the results that have been presented and analyzed and discussed in these results

My performance confrontational style and terminals and its impact on some Elkinmetekih variables and the level of technical performance and achievement of the effectiveness of the javelin

A.. Dr. Nahida Hamed

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 259-277

Research included five doors as touched on the role of stylistic performance confrontational and terminals and its effect on some variables Elkinmetekih and the level of technical performance and achievement of the effectiveness of the javelin as adopted researcher to photography and video through which we can reach to influence two modes of learning.
was also identified research problem inpoor performance of students of theAnd the use of technique more accurate and optimized for the purpose of teaching the technical performance of the effectiveness of the other, so felt researcher to reveal new ways to teach and develop the technical performance of the effectiveness of the javelin, as well as study aimed to determine the impact of stylistic performance confrontational and stations on some variables Elkinmetekih and the level of technical performance and achievement of the effectiveness of the javelin
and as well as to identify the differences in Some variables and the level of technical performance and achievement of the effectiveness of the javelin, and also touched on a number of topics theory relevant variables study and studies similar, and used by the researcher experimental approach to suitability research problem because after extracting circles calculations and standard deviations for the variables search for two experimental first and second data processing statistically beento reach a number of conclusions and recommendations that

Following a pilot program psychological in the development of body image satisfaction among the students of College of Physical Education at the University of Babylon

Asst. prof. Dr. Hayder Abdulridha Tarrad AL-Khafaji

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 278-319

The research aims to:
1 - Identifying the degree of satisfaction with body image among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Babylon.
2 - to identify differences in the degree of satisfaction with body image among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Babylon variable according to sex.
3 - the construction and application of a pilot program for the development of body image satisfaction among the students of College of Physical Education at the University of Babylon.
4 - Get on the impact of the program in the development of body image satisfaction among the students of College of Physical Education at the University of Babylon.
The researcher used the descriptive style survey and comparative studies to measure satisfaction with body image among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education, also used experimental method style groups Almtkavitin (experimental and control) in the development of body image satisfaction among students.
Included research community on the students of Physical Education College - University of Babylon for the academic year (2012 - 2013)'s (620) students, either research sample consisted of (200) students at a rate (32%) of the community by (85) student and (115) students.
The sample application program indicative of (40) students by (20) students, and (20) a student from obtaining degrees lower than the mean hypothesis on a scale of satisfaction with body image in the experiment major, has been divided randomly into two groups control and experimental rate ( 20) students per group.
For the purpose of measuring satisfaction with body image with members of the research sample researcher adopted a measure (Dogan, 2002), codified on the sample. The researcher has built a pilot program according to the model (planning - programming - budget) and by cognitive behavioral theory, which consists of (12) counseling session, was applied to the experimental sample.
The search had reached several conclusions, including:
1 - enjoyed most of the students and students of the Faculty of Physical Education - University of Babylon with the consent of myself for their body images.
2 - students enjoyed the consent of myself photos of their bodies more than the students.
3 - indicative of the program, which was built researcher positive influence in the development of body image satisfaction among the students of College of Physical Education - University of Babylon.
The researcher recommended disseminate the results of the current study at colleges and universities other Iraqi, as well as interest guidance programs, preparation and application of scientific Rezin to address a lot of psychological phenomena experienced by university students.

Impact of mixed method according to different formats at the students' learning skills wheel human and the Arabian Paljmanacetk jump

Dr. Ali Abed AL Hassan Hussein. Ph.D. Prof Assistant

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 320-334

teacher transfer this information in an interesting way. To achieve the objectives of the curriculum to be found different formulas to teach skills, less time and effort as possible. Given the difficulty of some of the skills gymnastics, which requires high-speed performance with the rotation of the body and then landing so felt researcher use method and different formats educational method to teach students the skills to reach solutions with a positive impact.
Research aims to identify the impact of mixed method according to different formats at the wheel student learning my skills and human Arabic jump and thus know the influence preference for different formats for the second stage, students at the Faculty of Physical Education, University of Karbala.
Experimental method has been used for suitability to the research problem and after the application of the curriculum and processing of statistical data has been reached to a group of the most important conclusions.
1- The hybrid method and the method used by the teacher may achieved in the technical performance of learning skills under study.
2- The mixed in different formats had a preference to influence the students' learning.
3- The formula used (human wheel then Arabic jump) and the same one semester is the best formulas in student learning.