ISSN: 2304-1471

Volume 3, Issue 5

Volume 3, Issue 5, Winter 2014, Page 8-279


The Effect of Cooperative Learning Strategic (Jigsaw 1 and 2) With Audio-Visual Instruments to Learn Some Basic Skills in Football

Hassan Sabri Mohamed; Hani Riad quality

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 32-47

The strategic of cooperative learning at the two styles of (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) is one of the strategies of active learning which enhances the action of the tow opponents together and to training on cooperative learning which become one of the social and learning necessities since the effect of high well-informed persons over their ages .
The significance of the study , which states the role of strategies of cooperative learning at tow styles of (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) as it regards among the modern strategies at learning particularly with the beginners , is at learning some of the skills of football .Hence the problem of the study rises . So, it has to find out strategies and styles of new and modern styles of learning to be with the line of the modern life which recognizes with fast continuous development .
Among the most important aims is to set up learning units according to the strategies of cooperative learning at the two styles of (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) by using audio- optical means of learning some basic skills at football .Also, to identify and knew the strategic Effect of cooperative learning at the two styles of (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) and the audio- optical means of learning some basic skill at football.
Whereas among the conclusions by which the research came with is to use strategies of Cooperative Learning at the two styles of (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) has the main role in learning process getting to the aims investing time and efforts as compared with the traditional styles. While ,some recommendations that we recommend is to be a way from the strategies which depending on the traditional and memorizing and to use new styles which help the students to produce productivity and invention . It is necessary to use strategies of learning which is appropriate with the basic skills of football including strategies of cooperative learning (jigsaw1 and jigsaw2) since having a great influence on learning process .

The effect of using an programmed educational bag in cognitive and technique self-learning of jump score in hand ball

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 48-56

This study aims to identify The effect of using an programmed educational bag in cognitive and technique self-learning of jump score in hand ball of Alqaddissiya university , physical education college , where the researcher used the experimental method suits the nature of the research , the research community was they Phase II / Faculty of Physical education - University of Alqadisiya students for the 2011- 2012 year , totaling 192 students spread over (7) groups .Research sample consisted of students from Phase II / College of Physical education Alqadisiyah University for the academic year 2011-2012's (54) students were selected from three groups simple random way spread into two groups, where the number of the one group (18) after removal of students who failed the students and players of clubs so they have experience in the game .Conclusions 1. using the educational bag approach and methodologies have a positive effect on learning the skill of the scoring from jump.2.. The learning by using the educational bag is the best way of learning of learn the skill of the scoring from jump.

Psychological skills of and their relationship to the dimensions of athletic excellence among players basketball

Basam Sami Shahed

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 87-105

The game of basketball is one of the most important sporting events that take a lot of space in the field athlete for most countries of the world and suffered a number of researchers and specialists, the fact that this game requires physical abilities and mental and skill and prepare a good psychological state as it is the speed and accuracy in the achievement to get to the best condition to achieve the highest level in terms of performance and Psychomotor agitation, but the problem was through researcher experience in the field of physical education as a player sees the psychological preparation operations did not take an integrated dimension in memory of trained personnel in the field of training, as these operations did not take sufficient quota to Besides the physical and skill setup the one who felt the researcher know the relationship between mental skills and sporting excellence as they have great importance in the psychological preparation for the competition process where psychological skills play an important role to get to sporting achievement, the study aimed to recognize the reality of the relationship between measurements of (psychological skills, and the dimensions of excellence sports) among basketball players in the League qualifying excellent to the extent that the central and southern region, and I suppose the researcher that there are statistically significant differences between the dimensions (psychological skills and dimensions of sporting excellence) for basketball players to participate in the League qualifying excellent to the extent that the central and southern region, as well as the existence of a relationship between them, have been touched researcher in theoretical studies to some vocabulary that can be utilized in this study, and the research methodology and field procedures, the researcher took a sample search on qualifying Basketball League Central and South Region teams (Nasiriyah, district, municipal, small town of Daghara, Kut, Maysan Oil, Basra) basketball and was a research sample (70) as a player, as well as the hardware and tools used to address and conduct exploratory experiment and tests before and after, as well as what he has done research in terms of procedures and the collection of data and processed statistically .
After collecting the data through forms for the statistically treated by the statistical program (spss) were presented in the form of tables and then analyzed and discussed in a scientific manner for the purpose of establishing the conclusions that have been reached through those results then recommended researcher with some recommendations for the study of the possibility of benefiting from this study and practical experience .
- The need to use the skills and psychological dimensions of sporting excellence as a success and achieve the best results sports agents .
- The existence of a sports psychologist has a positive effect for the success of the training process .
- The need for the development of the sports psychologist and mental skills and develop a feature-oriented sporting excellence dimensions of basketball players with interest to identify the strengths and weaknesses and note its development and further evaluated with record rates of each player.

Analytical Study Of Some Biomechanical Variables For Progress Phase Their Relationship To The Level Of High Player Weight Position When Performing Background Acrobatic Movements In Artistic Gymnastics Researchers

Ismail Ibrahim Mohammed; Usamah Abdel Monum Jawad; Yasser Najah Hussein

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 106-119

: The research aims to
1-Identify the values of some biomechanical variables for the progress stage in performing acrobatic background movements on the ground movements mat. 2- Identify the relationship between some of the biomechanical variables values for the progress stage and the high the player weight of Position in the performance of the back acrobatic movements on the ground movements mat. The researcher assumed the followings: - There is a positive correlation between the researched biomechanical variables and the high of the player weight Position in performing back acrobatic movements on the ground movements mat. The researcher used the descriptive method for the suitability nature of the search. The research sample has been chosen in deliberately way. The research sample consisted of ( 5) players who are players of the national youth team of gymnastics, then one of them was excluded due to his injury The researcher chooses lapping longitudinal movement ( 2.5 roll ) on the ground movements mat. It has been split the performance to the two phases progress and flying , and then has the analysis process for movies pictured of four players and extract the kinematic variables by Kenova program. The kinematic variables have been extracted by the special platform foot Scanner program. The variables have been identified for the progress phase which are a corner speed of the feet at the first touch, the round speed of the foot at the first touch, the landing angle, advanced angle, start angle, start speed, the momentum time and momentum power. The special variables for flying stage: the highest flight high and the round speed of the lapping longitudinal and landing distance. Foot Scanner was fixed on 10 meters from the beginning of the diagonal line toward the performance of the movement , while the camera was set at a height of 125 cm and far 5- meter from the advancement side area of the performance. The researcher has used statistical methods for data processing such as ( arithmetic mean, standard deviation , simple correlation factor). Then the researcher presented the results analyzed and discussed scientifically. It reached that there is a high correlation between some of the biomechanical variables values for the progress phase and the high player weight Position in the performance of back acrobatic movements on the ground movements mat. The researcher concluded a set of conclusions and recommended a set of recommendations.

Influenced by brainstorming Activity in the sense of dynamic and creative thinking among players galleries football

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 120-133

The study aimed to develop a training program for vocabulary brainstorming and see the impact of that in a wave of sensory motor activity and creative thinking when players football for women, since any brainstorming From the standpoint of researchers expands brain movement towards the transfer of information coming from the sensory nerves to the motor nerves to the implementation and also learn the extent to which is it creative thinking as a result of thinking piece of information and the output coordinated implementation during duty, so researchers used the experimental method as a way to solve the problem and a sample of players football women aged (20-22 years) and applied them brainstorming program which was applied to eight weeks and three units per week time all Unit (20) minute addition was used and the methods and tools, including brainstorming and creative thinking and activity kinesthetic sense of scale, and the results have been addressed and that the researchers to reach several conclusions was the most important
units brainstorming aimed significant effect in the sense of dynamic and creative thinking activity.
The recommendations was the most important:
1:The use of vocabulary brainstorming to assess the situation in the other player sporting events.
2:use the vocabulary brainstorming to assess the situation the player in different stages of training

The effect of tensile strength training style( static and isotonic and mixture)contraction on Time step barrier and achievement effectively110 meter hurdles for young people

Zuhair Salih Majhool

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 152-170

Studies are still going to now for the purpose of getting the best methods of training and means to show the best level of performance and achievement did not wheel evolution stopped, but studies are still going to now for the purpose of getting the best methods and techniques and training methods that show the best level in the performance of activities of athletics, and between these tactics training traction, fixed and mobile, and mixed style.
As it is these training methods are the main methods in the field of physical attributes development, especially power, types and needed a rider 110 meter hurdles along the race distance, especially distinctive force quickly, which contributes significantly to impact positively on passing through the checkpoint and the achievement of the rider time,. The problem with research and by observing the researcher and follow-up of many of the players, the effectiveness of 110-meter hurdles and through tests found that there is a weakness in performance skills to move the barrier they have, which increases the time this important step and therefore the total time for completion. I suppose the researcher that the exercises used rubber fixed and mobile tensile and mixed manner a positive impact in improving passing through the checkpoint and achievement effectively 110 meter hurdles for young people time, and that there is a preference among the three methods in its impact on passing through the checkpoint and achievement effectively 110 meter hurdles for young people time. The researcher used the experimental approach to the problem of suitability research and design of the three experimental groups, the research community has been identified and are youth clubs Karbala and the number (21) of the players were excluded (3) players due to injury, became the research sample consisted of 18 players. The sample was split on the three experimental groups and by (6) players per group. It was the application of strength training on the totals for experimental research, each according to the style of their own training (fixed, mobile, Mixed) a period of 8 weeks at the rate of three training modules in the week, and after an appropriate statistical treatments obtained data from the tribal tests and post researcher reached some conclusions that the most important methods three suitable for training in this age group of players 110-meter hurdles, and that the exercise mixed tensile is the best way to improve cross the barrier and the achievement of the effectiveness of 110-meter hurdles time for young people and followed the style of hard screwing and screwing mobile style. The researcher recommended the coaches certainly benefit from the use of mixed-style passing through the checkpoint for the development and achievement of the effectiveness of the 110-meter hurdles time for young people

The effect of corrective exercises according to the most important biomechanics variables in the performance development of front handspring with 1samarsolt forward on the vault table for the beginners gymnastics

Ali Jawad Abd

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 171-197

Characterized the sport gymnastics continuity of creativity and innovation in multiple colors movement, was chosen on a table jump to this device from the diversity in totals kinetic leaps that lead him, and front hands jump is the basis and premise in the performance of hops on this device, which include six stages of technical lead in turn to affect one another, and here reflected the importance of research in the detection of errors associated with the performance of this jump and processed by preparing some corrective exercises built on the basis of variable values biomechanic a special skill .
Through follow-up researcher for the course of training in lounge gymnastics in the province of Najaf, note that there is a problem lies in the poor performance of this jump in some youngsters, and the reason is due to the emphasis on what have players aspects of physical and how to employ them in the service of duty motor without recourse to the interpretation of scientific movements which mechanical and indicators that are hard on the coaches identify them in the light of the possibilities available Statistics in gymnastics halls .
So focused research aimed at correcting some of the errors associated with the performance of the front hands jump on the table for junior players jump through:
1) Identifying the most important values variables biomechanic in front hands jump performance jump on the table and a sample model search.
2) Identifying the most important values variables biomechanic in front hands jump performance jump on the table and a sample model search.
3) Knowing the impact of corrective exercises to modify and improve the performance front hands jump jumping on the table for junior players .

Self-Chart Strategy (K.W.L.H) and its Effect on Learning some Motor Skills in Women’s Artistic Gymnastics

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 198-205

The study aims to identify the effect of self-chart strategy in learning some motor skills in artistic gymnastics. The researcher has assumed that there are significant differences between pretests. She has used the experimental method and randomly selected the subject of the study from the third stage students/ juniors at Physical Education College / University of Baghdad which is divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group has been subjected to the self-chart strategy in teaching skills while the control group has adopted the method set by the teacher of the material. After conducting the tests and the main experience, data collection and analysis, some conclusions have included that self-chart strategy has achieved positive results in learning and retention skills in question more than the other approach and this is evidently appeared in the results of the posttests between the experimental and control groups.

The impact of competition on the most important effort oxidative enzymes anaerobic and acidic blood handball players

Mushreq Aziz Tunash

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 206-215

The study aimed to identify the impact of the effort through the competition on the most important enzymes for the anaerobic oxidation and acidic blood of handball players. As well as to identify the differences between the effort and before games in the match on the anaerobic oxidation enzymes and acidic blood of the handball players. The researcher used the descriptive manner survey being appropriate approach to solve the problem of the research. Also select the research community who are players clubs Iraq for the Elite League for season 2013-2014 and the 12 Club has chosen the same way intentional and they seemed to Club Central Oil Club and Kufa, Najaf,'s (32) a player has chosen a researcher sample of (20) players after excluding goalkeepers totaling (6) guards in addition to (6) of the dumbest did not participate in the game and through the means of statistical researcher concluded that the impact of effort competition has had a clear impact and directly at the level of concentration of enzymes oxidative stress anaerobic (LDH - CPK) and PH blood for handball players. as well as there is variation in the impact on the effort competition influence was variously between before and effort after the first half and the second on the enzymes and the level of acidic blood and that the best response to the enzymes oxidative stress anaerobic through effort competition was after the second half after the end of any game.

Patterns of learning and thinking a favorite among students of the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Wasit and its relationship Bmngara sex and used hand

Bashar Abdul Latif; ad Abdul Razak Hussein

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 216-223

The present study aimed to identify the modes of learning and thinking prevalent among the students of the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Waist and the extent of variation of these patterns according to the variables of sex and labor used, study included 73 students were chosen randomly, represented by (45) males and (28) female dish they measure Torrance and his colleagues, known as the "method of notifying you and your thinking" and the results showed the rule pattern integrated to male and female students for sex variable and then followed the pattern left and right for males and right and then left for the females, either for variable hand used or favorite results revealed integrated style rule for Users right hand and left and then left and then followed the pattern right .

The effect of educational approach by using learning technique in developing the spike and block in volleyball for handicap – sitting –

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 243-260

The study's aim is to know the effect of educational approach by using learning technique in developing the spike and block in volleyball for handicap – sitting – and to know the differences between control group and experimental group in spike and block skills in volleyball for handicap (sitting).
The researcher assumed that there is significant effect for educational approach by using learning technique in developing the spike and block in volleyball for handicap – sitting –. The study covered Najaf players in volleyball for handicap – sitting and the researcher used the suitable experimental approach for the sample of the research and the statistics methods to deal with the data and conclude the following: -
- The educational approach has a significant effect in developing spike and block skills for volleyball for handicap – sitting –.
-Using learning technique is considered educational aspect that increases the development of spike and block skills for volleyball for handicap – sitting –.

The effect of regular doses of Creatine in terms of enzyme (CPK) for the development of physical abilities that especially for senior GR wrestler

Jamal Mohammed Shoaieb

Karbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences, Volume 3, Issue 5, Pages 261-279

Included a study of use regular doses of Creatine in terms of enzyme (CPK) and see its effect in development of some physical abilities that especially for senior GR wrestlers .
In order to increase of achieve in training loads , that meets the aspirations of athletes away from the damage of dopes , That cause body damage for the one who takes it .
So the dietary supplements ( Creatine ) be the security alternative that met with great demand among athletes because it’s from natural sources .
The researcher used the experimental method they to appropriateness to solve the problem of search and select of croup unequal design that related with tow testes (posteriori & tribal ) random selection , the sample consisted by search from senior GR wrestlers of diyala province (10) wrestlers , as well as the used of method and tools and devices that are appropriate
And then hold exploratory experience and also make tribal testes , and apply the training curriculum that prepared by the coach .
The researcher don’t intervene in training curriculum only give Creatine to experience search’s sample . then hold the posteriori testing , and then emptied the data and processed it in statistically and display it and discussed .
The researcher found several conclusion :
1- All of physical testes result was for posteriori testes and the achieved of first experimental group was best , and then the controller group .
2- The dietary supplement ( Creatine ) was give clear impact for development of especially physical abilities
3- The increase of activity of enzyme (CPK) in blood that maining increase of the amount of consumption of creatine phosphate compound (CP) in the muscles and then save it in some cases and especially in healing case .
Through the above conclusion , the researcher recommends the following :
1- Use the creatine in training the events that fall within the non-pneumatie system (alphusvegene & allaktina )
2- The use of biochemical indicators especially enzyme at gave the dietary supplements because that is real pointer reverse the activity of most of dietary supplements in body muscles
3- The need to increase knowledge in coaches about the dietary supplements and the method of use it .
4- Hold a similar study that use another of dietary supplements on another activity of single of group and on different period
5- Hold the circular check age in case of give dietary supplements to sure from safety of physical devices and liver and kidney .